Photography Basics for Beginner s

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    The definition of photography:

    Photography Is a science and an art competent to capture images by recording light or electromagnetic radiation to others or objects given, either electronically by means of a photo sensor, or chemically by a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

    It is a specific mix of different types of photography techniques which provides the viewer a message or a scene in the form of art, the most important factors that help in getting better sound are; the correct angle, proper lighting, and good, must change the lenses depending on the lighting and type of image to be captured.

    Are usually use a lens to focus the light reflected or emitted from objects into the center of the image on the light-sensitive surface inside a camera during capture of the image, and when using the audio device’s website is produced by electric charge in each pixel (pixel) of the image, which is processed electronically and stored in a digital audio file contained in the camera, or processed according to the old way of putting images in crops, especially in rooms with lighting very light.

    The history of photography

    References Cameras first Found photography since about the fifth century BC, where one of the Iraqi scientists developed the camera obscura in the eleventh century, and at that time did not record the camera image, but display it on another surface, where the use of Camera Obscura in a hole in the tent in the dark, and it wasn’t small to protect them and provide justice and basic to focus the light.

    The development of photography and the camera When it comes to tracking the time development of photography and the camera:The fifth century to the fourth: a description of the basic principles of optics and the camera by Chinese philosophers and Greek.

    1664-1666: the discovery that white light consists of different colors by Isaac Newton. 1727: the discovery that silver nitrate in the dark when exposed to light by Johann.

    1794: opening of the first “Jigsaw” is a pioneer movie house invented by Robert Barker. 1814: the discovery of the camera obscura by Joseph Kneipp, where it needs to 8 hours of light exposure and later fade.

    1837: the discovery of the firmware image that you need to less than 30 minutes of exposure to light and does not fade.
    1840: the first U.S. Patent issued in photography to Alexander.
    1841: the first process of positive negative make it possible to get multiple copies of the first where I got William Henry Talbot patented the process of Calotype.
    1843: publication of the first announcement with photo in Philadelphia. 1851: the invention of the process of the Collodion so that the images require only two or three seconds of exposure to light by Frederick Scott Archer.

    1859: the invention of the camera Panorama. 1861: the invention of the viewer, stereoscopic by Oliver Wendell Holmes.

    1865: added photographs and negative images to works protected by copyright law. 1871: invention of the dry plate silver bromide gelatin by Richard Leach Maddox.

    1880: the company was founded Eastman color dry.

    1884: invention of photographic film by George Eastman.

    1888: obtaining patents Eastman Kodak camera film .

    1898: the Reverend Hannibal movies cinematography.

    1900: the invention of the first camera to be marketed in large quantities, called Brownie, to be put up for sale.

    1913/1914: the invention of the first camera 35 mm fixed-has been developed.

    1927: the invention of the bulb of the flash modern by GE.
    1932: introduction of the first light meter with photoelectric cell.

    1935: the Eastman Kodak marketed the film to Kodachrome.

    1941: the advanced Eastman Kodak film Kodacolor negative.
    1942: received the Chester Carlson, a patent for the electric xerography.

    1948: Edwin Land Release and the Polaroid camera.

    1954: the advanced Eastman Kodak film Tri-X high speed. 1960:EG & G on the development of the camera underwater so deep the US Navy.

    1963: submitted Polaroid Color Film instant.

    1968: was taking a picture of Earth from Moon, are considered sound, Earthrise, one of the most sound environmental impact at all.

    1973: submitted Polaroid camera instant one step using a camera SX-70.

    1977: the introduction of the pioneer George Eastman and Edwin Land in the Hall of Fame, the National Inventors.

    1978: introduced the Konica f
    irst camera photography autofocus point. 1980: the show, Sony‘s first video camera to the consumer to capture images animated.

    1984: introduced canon‘s first digital camera fixed.

    1985: introduced the Pixar Wizard Digital Photography.
    1990: announced Eastman Kodak about a CD image as the storage of digital images.

    1999: introduced the Kyocera Corporation’s VP-210 VisualPhone, the world’s first mobile phone equipped with a camera built to record video clips and still images.

    The basics in photography:

    There are the basics in photography photography you should know, including the following:

    Aperture: how wide the aperture in the lens, the larger aperture more light.

    Lighting: it is useful in the stills tonight. The depth of field. Focal length: basically it is how the angle of consistency, or a telephoto lens, say millimeters.

    ISO: it stands for international standards organization, if the ISO high (like 1600), then the camera more sensitive to light. Noise: is generated by amplifying the signal detected by the image sensor.

    Wide angle: focal length which allows light from a large angle (in degrees) so that they can see more things (from left to right) but can only view the topics closest. Zoom: as the lens zoom is able to move from a wider angle, to telephoto, focal length variable.

    Types of photography:

    There are many types of photography, which is experiencing a lot of patterns to capture images, in this article we will give you the most important and prevalent in the field of photography, namely as follows:

    1. Fashion photography:

    is one of the most types of work desired when photographers because of more jobs that paid high wages, as it is considered the gateway to enter the world of glamor and fashion.

    2.Nature photography:

    Nature photography involves taking pictures of plants or trees, but collects on landscape photography through the eyes of source, which highlights and enhances the total beauty of the region that export, and to capture anything in the outdoors.

    3. Wildlife photography:

    It is a style of photography which is a kind of control of the issuer; because it is kind of dangerous, and any photographer wants to test in this area should move out of the budget to good health too much to allow him to capture the perfect photo in time.

    4. Black and white photography:

    Is the style of photography Classic which highlights the real beauty of the Web page the image more realistic.

    Travel Photography : this type of photography combines a passion for the source Drive and his love of change, which creates images of stunning and exquisite, it is of more functions which are favored by the Egyptians, because they provide them a wide field for creativity in image capture.

    5. Aerial photography:

    A type of photography that provides people images interesting and new to discover the perspective and the areas that can’t naked eye visible from Earth, and a lot of differences between the perspective of the ground photos taken from the air.

    The art of photography:

    The definition of photography and its types Photography or photography or photography is the process of producing a photo-mediated effects of light; and radiation reflected from the product to be fiction within the photosensitive material, and then come to this article then, it should be about the image representing the product. Is called photography also photography. And photography (Photography) derived from the Greek, and drawing or writing with light.

    Types of photography:

    1/ Nature Photography: In nature photography you must take into account the presence of land, sky and water – if any – mix these natural formations with the presence of the moon or the stars at an angle of lighting and a certain bank gives impressive results. The best times for landscape photography is the sunset or sunrise with the presence of clouds and control of movements and shadows.

    2/The Life of cities: Is all what expresses the life of the city and what is going on in the streets of the events of living.

    3/night photography: Night photography is not a specific time, the ideal time to change is after the sunset few minutes, or before sunrise when the sky is blue dim, and flash is used in photos of night and need a tripod for the camera (camera) or put it on a stable surface.

    4/ wildlife photography: Is photographing animals and wildlife in general from birds, reptiles, and others. This type of photography needs precision and control for the acquisition of the best photos of the animal with a comprehensive study of the environment of the object before imaging to find out the whereabouts of Animals time their reproduction.

    5/ black and white: The art of the Ancient there are several choices of images you can use the technique of black and white. Preferably containing the image on the degrees of white and black all which is approximately seven degrees to complete excellence. Some digital cameras have the option of black and white photography and some cameras don’t have this option, but the designer can convert images to black and white via software accompanying the camera or the program (Photoshop) rich from the definition.

    6/ photography near: Photography near is filming nearby objects with Show minute detail such as insects, roses, pages, books, etc. Types: photography (as a father) and by the embodiment of (2:1), filming (macro) and by the embodiment of (1:1) – is-size – and export of (micro) and by the incarnation (1:10) it is entering into the minute details too.

    7/ photographing people: Like photographing children, young adults, and the elderly. And methods very different to take images possible for each category of work, preferably focusing on the destination and more on the look and direction of the system, there are many methods and countless highlight the picture characteristically. Photography in this area as possible by having a person, two people or more and each class has special methods to deal with it, the easiest of the categories is photography only one person is able to source through the conversation personal knowledge of some of the points and multiplication in a person’s face to be the picture of normal facial expressions.

    8/ abstract photography: The art of photography, stripping the subject of what the eye sees, in other words: shoot the thing in a certain way it raises questions in the mind of the receiver and not have to explain the picture as an idea and a concept or meaning in a clear and readable for the recipient, but to open the perceptions of the boundless imagination of the viewer.

    9/ photojournalism: Photojournalism depends on the opportunities primarily on the velocity of the source and smartness he went in the Battle of the shots striking and attractive professional event, and it must be realistic, clear and understandable and partially opaque to the viewer.

    10/ sports photography: Sports photography is considered a part of photojournalism, and is cropped difference in something so important. The success of any image of the sport must be on the source of mathematical knowledge and knowledge of methods and procedures every sports game to increase the difference in the photo. Used zoom lenses of long focal to photograph events or sports mode and sports photography in small cameras.

    11/ Still-Life Photography: Is the depiction of static objects, repeated images of water (the element or many elements) is often working on images of nature is silent within the studio to implement elements and lighting. It uses a heavily export declarations; because they need enough time, precision and care in choosing elements unlike the press pictures that need for speed.

    12/ promotional photography: Is the filming of commercials or other categories, and the focus is on the type of product.

    13/ aerial photography: The art of photography depends on taking stills and photos from the air via helicopters or civilian aircraft, or places too high.
    14/ architectural photography: Is the photographing of buildings and accentuate your beauty in an artistic tradition, there are two types of photography architectural photography outdoor and indoor.

    15/ the Panorama: Capture a series of pictures to see many angles of degree are equal, and assembled with each other in one image transverse or longitudinal.

    16/ Salwa: The art show in which objects Black specific without showing her features and the background color, and so by making the lighting behind the subject (behind the body to be photographed).


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